What Is A QoS Certificate?

Before you begin setting up your network infrastructure, be sure to consider whether you will need a QTP certificate for your servers. If you do, then you should be aware that there are many differences between a traditional SSL certificate and a QoS-based certificate. With an SSL certificate, an outside party will verify the authenticity of your site by connecting to the secure server where the private key resides and reading the digital signature embedded in it. If the server cannot read that signature, then the website will be rejected. On the other hand, when you have a QoS-based certificate, an administrator will be able to view the various QoS policies that apply to a particular server (for instance, the policy to deny or allow all traffic to a particular port) before determining whether or not to allow a particular client to proceed with his request.

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There is also a difference between an SSL certificate and a QoS-based one. With an SSL certificate, an external third party will inspect the digital signature at the URL during secure connection. At that point, if the signature matches what is expected, the browser will allow the data to proceed regardless of whether or not the server is secure. If, however, the server cannot authenticate itself at that point (because an attacker got on the secure server before the browser could complete its authentication process), then the website would be denied access. That is the main difference.


If you do not want to wait for your site to be reviewed at the secure server before it can proceed, then you should go the extra mile and request a QoS-based certificate. You can still set up your site to accept SSL/TLS in the future, but by making that switch now, you can avoid any potential security problems down the road. And, since you can configure all your web applications so that they run on anything that is compliant with the latest standards (including the latest SSL draft and latest QoS policies), you will be much further ahead in terms of security. After all, if you want to be on the cutting edge of security, then your application needs to be as well!

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Emergency Management

Emergency management is the coordination and organization of all the relevant resources and roles for addressing all possible humanitarian aspects of natural disasters. The main objective is to minimize the destructive effects of all potential hazards, such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, hurricanes, and any other unpredictable events that can cause massive damage to a community or place. In order to ensure that disasters like these are minimized, it is important for communities to have the proper infrastructure in place, to have the services of a well-trained first responder, and to have adequate disaster kits (Disaster kits are essentially emergency kits comprised of basic essentials, such as food, water, medicines, and tools). As well, communities should have established partnerships with organizations and experts who specialize in disaster planning and response. See website for more.


A variety of professional groups are devoted to emergency management, such as the American Red Cross, the American Medical Association, the United Way, the American Society of Safety Officers, and the National Association of Firefighters. These professional organizations have developed standards, structures, and tools to guide communities in their preparations for disasters. Among the most important components of an emergency management plan is a “standup” for the community. This consists of an immediate action plan for each member of the community, including a person in charge of contacting members of the community and acting as its representative in times of crisis. Such a person should coordinate with the other members of the community and work closely with them to provide updates as they happen.


An effective emergency management system should have a number of services available to it at all times. It should offer basic services such as arranging transportation, ensuring that necessary equipment is in place, providing food and medical support, setting up hospitals and medical facilities, and coordinating emergency response to disasters. These services should be available on a 24 hour basis, every day of the week, 365 days a year, and should be able to assist in a variety of capacities, such as relief and emergency response, recovery, and restoration. For example, a fire department may offer mobile fire hose reels, training in fire extinguishing, and the placement of emergency exits.

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Role of the Chairman of the Supervisory Board

The Chairman of the supervisor board serves as a temporary replacement for the chief executive officer (CEO) and general manager if a company is undergoing a management change. The role of the chairmen depends on the structure of the Board of Directors of the Company and it may either be the CFO or the Chief Executive Officer. Sometimes, two or more members to serve as the Chairman of the supervisory board. Click on this

The Chairman served for many years on the management and supervisory board of a corporation

There are three types of chairmen: the independent director, the consultant, and the lead director chief executive officer. An independent director has no ties to the Company and does not usually have a voting control on the major corporate decisions. He can also be the chair of the Corporation with a salary and benefits similar to other CFOs and CEOs. The consultant chairs the board of directors of the Company and has no role in the day-to-day operations of the Company. He is an elected or appointed permanent representative of the company who holds no special managerial authority, but is responsible for advising the company’s management on strategic matters and performance issues.

The lead director is the one who makes all major corporate decisions. He receives a fee for his services, but is entitled to vote and has no other obligations to the Company other than acting as the chairman for a limited period of time when the need arises. The company’s management may refer to the chairman by name or use the term “clerister” or “registrar” to describe him. The Lucet Independent Director (LCO) is the most senior officer of the Corporation who is not entitled to vote or participate in meetings.

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